Youth New Evangelization & Spiritual Renewal Seminar Series
The Christian Faith: Seminar 14

Building the Church

The Pentecost

Originally the Pentecost was a jewish holiday, The Harvest Festival celebrated on the fiftieth day after the Passover. It was then, after Jesus' crucifixion, that the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles, thus the Church was born. Jesus, being in the form of spirit now, needed His disciples here in our physical realm to continue His mission. Nevertheless, He never ceased to be the Head of His Church.
 

The Holy Spirit

We covered the topic of the Holy Spirit extensively in the seminar 9, so here only briefly. According the Acts of the Apostles the descent of the Holy Spirit was manifested by tongues of fire over all the apostles, and each apostle received the gift of tongues (the ability to speak different languages). As we already know about the Holy Spirit, at that moment the apostles were:

and they began to proclaiming the Good News boldly to other people despite existing persecution. Just like John the Baptist, Peter went out asking people to repent and to be baptized. The Holy Spirit did not affect only the Jesus' apostles however. That day 5000 people asked to be baptized.
 

The Church

 
Def:

Church is the body of Christ, the new people of God called together in Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit, i.e. you and me.

In other words, as Paul puts it in his letter to Corinthians: "Jesus is the head, and we are the body - the Church of Christ. We all, as members of the same body may have different gifts and talents which we are encouraged to use for the common good of the Church. Just as the eyes have different function from the ears, the hands or the legs, yet, they are all the memmbers of the same body, and each contribute their own special way to the well being of the whole body, so are we as individual members of the Church".

Just as Paul uses the analogy of the Church to be a body, Jesus uses an analogy of vine. He says: "I am the vine and you are the branches" (John 15:1-10).
 

Church is composed of:

The Pope is the Bishop of Rome. He is the pastor of the Universal Church on Earth.
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